MIMS Education

Management of Dry Eye Disease in Primary Care

Management of Dry Eye Disease in Primary Care

Family MedicineGeneral PracticeOphthalmologyInternal Medicine
A badge with ribbon in color black No CME/CPD credits | An analog clock in color black 1 Hour | A black calendar with white triangle in center that has a black exclamation point in the middle 01 Jul 2025 


About this course

Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular surface condition that needs to be recognized in primary care settings. A thorough clinical history, physical examination, and anterior eye examination are vital in the investigation and management of DED. Artificial tear substitutes or eye lubricants are the mainstay treatment for all DED types and severity levels. A comprehensive management approach to DED involves both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions, and a referral to a specialist is warranted based on the severity of the symptoms and comorbidities of the patient.

This e-learning module aims to provide participants with a better understanding of the diagnostic and management approach to dry eye disease in the primary care setting.

Learning outcomes

Upon completion of the educational activity, participants should be able to

  • Improve their understanding of the pathophysiology, risk factors, and clinical presentation of dry eye disease (DED).
  • Evaluate patients exhibiting signs and symptoms of DED and manage them at the primary care level.
  • Perform timely referral to a specialist.

Topics covered

  • Introduction
    • Definition
    • Prevalence
    • Risk factors
  • Pathophysiology of Dry Eye Disease
  • Approach to the Diagnosis of Dry Eye Disease
    • Clinical history
    • Screening questionnaires
    • Physical examination
    • Diagnostic tests
  • Step-wise Approach in the Management of Dry Eye Disease
  • Prognosis

Keywords: dry eye disease, dry eyes, dry eye syndrome, eye lubricants, ophthalmic drops, topical drops, dry eye treatment

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