Shift work is defined as any work schedule outside regular daytime hours. Sleep disorders and several other chronic health conditions are linked to shift work and even predispose the worker to traumatic workplace injuries. Managing these disorders remain to be a multidisciplinary approach and includes pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapeutic options. This e-learning module reviews sleep physiology, shift work and its associated conditions, and approach to management.
This e-learning module aims to discuss the basics of hematuria, its common risk factors and causes, the diagnostic approach to gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria, and summarize the approach to its management.